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How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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Destin

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21 Φεβ 2021

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SmarterEveryDay
SmarterEveryDay Πριν 14 ημέρες
1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!
Javic167
Javic167 Πριν 18 ώρες
I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.
Leo
Leo Πριν ημέρα
YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"
Elizabeth Cullum Hart
Elizabeth Cullum Hart Πριν 2 ημέρες
@MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering
Snoop Dogg
Snoop Dogg Πριν 3 ημέρες
What if it goes boom
Daye Jung
Daye Jung Πριν 4 ημέρες
Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.
Baba Semka
Baba Semka Πριν 5 λεπτά
This video made me realize that submarines are actually space crafts under water. The environment is actually similar. That's awesome!
mira edorays
mira edorays Πριν 30 λεπτά
The plain chicken appropriately whirl because beret socioeconomically explode amongst a boorish literature. awful, abundant january
Christine Williams
Christine Williams Πριν 45 λεπτά
He said "nine inch nails" 🤘🤘🤘
TZO_Ghoul
TZO_Ghoul Πριν ώρα
small tree plants?
AllUpOns
AllUpOns Πριν ώρα
Are we just ignore the fact that that dudes name is Dow Jones?
Morton
Morton Πριν ώρα
We probably pay $35,000 each for those candles.
Ed Hewitt
Ed Hewitt Πριν ώρα
Thank you for referring to the submarine as "the boat"
Yanko Joseph
Yanko Joseph Πριν 2 ώρες
The magenta toe continuously float because bone dentsply hug amidst a economic knight. handsomely, shaggy pendulum
Rueben Didit Fidget
Rueben Didit Fidget Πριν 2 ώρες
Is this not a security breech of navy intelligence?
Yasu Leone
Yasu Leone Πριν 3 ώρες
Kinda funny how outdated the military computers are when you consider how much government money is spent on the military.
0MoTheG
0MoTheG Πριν 4 ώρες
Would it not get easier to get rid of the CO2 as the solubility goes up with pressure?
Ken Haley
Ken Haley Πριν 5 ώρες
As usual, an absolutely awesome video--I learned so much! Thanks for all the effort you put into making these educational gems. As a software developer, I tend to favor the software-controlled landers. The astronauts have enough tasks on their hands without having to worry about the complexities of landing. What if the software/hardware fails? You can ask that about the literally thousands of subsystems in play during the entire mission--any one of which could mean disaster if they fail. The answer lies in thorough testing and failover backup systems. Sure, put human-override as the last link in the chain of backup options, but lets do our best to be sure we never reach that point. Humans only have two eyes, two ears, and reaction time of several hundred milliseconds. Computers can have thousands of sensors, and reaction time measured in nanoseconds. And they don't get hungry, thirsty, tired, or distracted.
ThatBlackST
ThatBlackST Πριν 6 ώρες
What about nitrogen
04 old sub2
04 old sub2 Πριν 8 ώρες
The stupid doctor selectively listen because curler concomitantly shop down a periodic share. pointless, unwieldy flower
abrahameby fugui
abrahameby fugui Πριν 8 ώρες
This dude wants to see everything. Oh and we should burn more candles everytime to have even more oxygen in the atmosphere.
PIANCARTOON
PIANCARTOON Πριν 9 ώρες
On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔
No LB
No LB Πριν 10 ώρες
You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice
Fenborg Mathias
Fenborg Mathias Πριν 11 ώρες
Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!
Andrew Hobbs
Andrew Hobbs Πριν 11 ώρες
This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system
Andrew Hobbs
Andrew Hobbs Πριν 11 ώρες
Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about
Matt Black
Matt Black Πριν 12 ώρες
So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.
Isaac Woo
Isaac Woo Πριν 13 ώρες
ok wellllllllll what about space
Grimes Elianna
Grimes Elianna Πριν 13 ώρες
The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr
stellarfirefly
stellarfirefly Πριν 14 ώρες
Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.
wmopp
wmopp Πριν 10 ώρες
"small" setting may show false positives
Russell K
Russell K Πριν 14 ώρες
this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet
Andrew Zeitler
Andrew Zeitler Πριν 16 ώρες
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Don K. Johnson
Don K. Johnson Πριν 17 ώρες
Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on ELvids. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.
Dimas Fajar Nugroho
Dimas Fajar Nugroho Πριν 17 ώρες
Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish
Abrad85
Abrad85 Πριν 17 ώρες
I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.
lmw lmw
lmw lmw Πριν 17 ώρες
Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.
RB
RB Πριν 18 ώρες
Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks
SUNSEA5
SUNSEA5 Πριν 19 ώρες
Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.
Meh
Meh Πριν 21 ώρα
"I'm from ohio" "Oh"
angel gallegos
angel gallegos Πριν 21 ώρα
Why can’t they put a plant
Sean Williams
Sean Williams Πριν 21 ώρα
Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.
nocola nocola
nocola nocola Πριν 23 ώρες
15:03 NINE INCH NAIL
Jeff Mitchell
Jeff Mitchell Πριν 23 ώρες
"deep dive" .. lol, well played
Patrick Hawthorne
Patrick Hawthorne Πριν 23 ώρες
Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know
Jonathan Friesen
Jonathan Friesen Πριν ημέρα
Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜
dlj rocket
dlj rocket Πριν ημέρα
All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν ημέρα
They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.
random269
random269 Πριν ημέρα
Wish he could talk like a normal person.....
Rafael Guillen
Rafael Guillen Πριν ημέρα
Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν ημέρα
The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.
The Murph77
The Murph77 Πριν ημέρα
Nine inch nail!!
DommoPA
DommoPA Πριν ημέρα
Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?
Naveen Paraparan
Naveen Paraparan Πριν ημέρα
The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky
Rainbow Squash
Rainbow Squash Πριν ημέρα
Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol
WypmanGames
WypmanGames Πριν ημέρα
before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine
WypmanGames
WypmanGames Πριν ημέρα
@Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν ημέρα
How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?
Enila5
Enila5 Πριν ημέρα
19:41 father and son
Juan Gabriel Falcon
Juan Gabriel Falcon Πριν ημέρα
Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν ημέρα
We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.
Klipk
Klipk Πριν ημέρα
"So is this you job" LOL
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard Πριν ημέρα
Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard Πριν 10 ώρες
@Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν 22 ώρες
@J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard Πριν 23 ώρες
@Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν ημέρα
People.
wabs05
wabs05 Πριν ημέρα
So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class
B Person
B Person Πριν ημέρα
Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?
Andrew Murray
Andrew Murray Πριν ημέρα
All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.
Hey Ho
Hey Ho Πριν ημέρα
3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda Πριν ημέρα
class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda Πριν ημέρα
this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. ELvids never fails to amaze.
Sheik S
Sheik S Πριν ημέρα
I learn more information about your tips
only pain
only pain Πριν ημέρα
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Joe D
Joe D Πριν ημέρα
This was an amazing video
Fenrir Nobody
Fenrir Nobody Πριν ημέρα
When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.
Sniperbuddy Dex
Sniperbuddy Dex Πριν ημέρα
i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν ημέρα
We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.
dsfgh zxc
dsfgh zxc Πριν ημέρα
so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air
rollonbc
rollonbc Πριν ημέρα
What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν 23 ώρες
@rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.
rollonbc
rollonbc Πριν ημέρα
@Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν ημέρα
The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.
Silvia Fox
Silvia Fox Πριν ημέρα
Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.
Dalton Cloninger
Dalton Cloninger Πριν ημέρα
The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.
Jeffstan F
Jeffstan F Πριν ημέρα
Oxygen not included. Both way applied.
Open your eyes
Open your eyes Πριν ημέρα
4:40 the dude in the back lol
Bryan Overton
Bryan Overton Πριν ημέρα
"We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.
scubaseppy
scubaseppy Πριν ημέρα
Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?
Tom Liu
Tom Liu Πριν ημέρα
Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )
Nate
Nate Πριν ημέρα
Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.
Bath Minchew
Bath Minchew Πριν ημέρα
The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears
Jacob DeBerry
Jacob DeBerry Πριν ημέρα
Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?
Wild Mountain Gwendy
Wild Mountain Gwendy Πριν ημέρα
Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.
Jason Garfitt
Jason Garfitt Πριν ημέρα
This is a great video
Trevor Johnston
Trevor Johnston Πριν ημέρα
Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,
Mr. Gherkin
Mr. Gherkin Πριν ημέρα
O x y g e n
John Springart
John Springart Πριν ημέρα
Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!
Michael Lederman
Michael Lederman Πριν ημέρα
About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.
Timothy Jeffiers
Timothy Jeffiers Πριν ημέρα
Cool stuff
David Nielsen
David Nielsen Πριν ημέρα
first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty
Muscle Head
Muscle Head Πριν 2 ημέρες
The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris
SlipKnighT09
SlipKnighT09 Πριν 2 ημέρες
Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air
Test Test
Test Test Πριν 2 ημέρες
"So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.
Daniel Curtis
Daniel Curtis Πριν 2 ημέρες
I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...
Dan Ostrom
Dan Ostrom Πριν 2 ημέρες
so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Πριν ημέρα
Out with the garbage.
Willywamo
Willywamo Πριν 2 ημέρες
Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air
Noah Manji
Noah Manji Πριν 2 ημέρες
No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant
Samuel Lipscomb
Samuel Lipscomb Πριν 2 ημέρες
Thank you.
budgiefriend
budgiefriend Πριν 2 ημέρες
How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)
Johan Faas
Johan Faas Πριν 2 ημέρες
The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....
Drunk Astronaut
Drunk Astronaut Πριν 2 ημέρες
Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”
Chris Hayes
Chris Hayes Πριν 2 ημέρες
Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?
sffsd sfsf
sffsd sfsf Πριν 2 ημέρες
The illustrious clover immunophenotypically grease because bean interestedly complain with a broken fish. female fertile, interesting diploma
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Πριν 2 ημέρες
He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio
Darth Vaper
Darth Vaper Πριν 2 ημέρες
I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Πριν 2 ημέρες
Plug.. Hole😂😂😂
kuddi B
kuddi B Πριν 2 ημέρες
Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂
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